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Inter-American Resources

ParlAmericas has curated lists of Inter-American resources that may be helpful references for parliamentarians in advancing legislative work on topics related to democracy, human rights, security, and development.

Inter-American Model Laws

Model laws can serve as templates for legal drafting and provide harmonized standards on specific issues. They can be used for reviewing bills or amendments to existing national legislation. The Organization of American States (OAS) through its different specialized entities plays an important role in the development of model laws on a wide range of issues pertinent to countries across the Americas and the Caribbean.

Care Work

Model Law on Care
Inter-American Commission for Women (source page)

Model LawImplementation Guide

Combating-Corruption

Combating Femicide

Model Law on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of the Gender-Related Killing of Women and Girls (Femicide/Feminicide)
Inter-American Commission for Women (source page)

Model Law | Implementation Guide (Spanish only)

Crime

Model Law on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
OAS Secretariat for Legal Affairs (source page)

Model Law

Firearms

Secured Transactions

Model Law on Secured Transactions
OAS Secretariat for Legal Affairs (source page)

Model Law | Implementation Guide (Spanish only)

Simplified Corporations

Model Law on Simplified Corporations
OAS Secretariat for Legal Affairs (source page)

Model Law and Regional Status of Reforms Report

Transparency and Access to Information

Violence Against Women in Politics

Model Law on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women in Political Life
Inter-American Commission for Women (source page)

Model Law

 

OAS Electoral Observation Mission Reports

Election observation is a systematic process of independent information-gathering and analysis using benchmarks drawn from the national laws and regional commitments of the country in which the election is being observed. International election observation is guided by principles of objectivity, political impartiality and non-interference articulated through the Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation, which has been endorsed by more than 50 international organizations since 2005. 

The Organization of American States (OAS) through its Department of Electoral Cooperation and Observation (DECO) implements electoral observation missions in the Inter-American system. Their missions are conducted on the formal invitation of host governments. OAS-DECO issues election observation reports with recommendations that can be used by parliamentarians to support and pursue amendments of electoral laws and related oversight of governments. 

The following reports have been issued by OAS-DECO on elections observed in 2024.

Mexico

June 2, 2024 Federal and Local Elections
OAS Secretariat for Strengthening Democracy

Preliminary Report (Spanish only)

Dominican Republic

May 19, 2024 Presidential and Congressional Elections
OAS Secretariat for Strengthening Democracy

Preliminary Report (Spanish only)

Panama

May 5, 2024 General Elections
OAS Secretariat for Strengthening Democracy

Preliminary Report

El Salvador

February 6, 2024 Presidential and Legislative Elections
OAS Secretariat for Strengthening Democracy

First Preliminary Report | Second Preliminary Report (Spanish only)

Other Resources

This section compiles additional tools, guidelines, and informative materials developed to support parliamentary work and awareness on current issues being addressed in the Inter-American system.

Artificial Intelligence

Parliamentary Handbook on Disinformation, AI and Synthetic Media
Commonwealth Parliamentary Association and the OAS

Resource

Climate Change

Data Protection and Privacy

Updated Principles on Privacy and Personal Data Protection
OAS Secretariat for Legal Affairs (source page)

Resource

Combating Corruption

Contributions to the Implementation of the Lima Commitment
ParlAmericas

Resource

Electoral Observation

Election Observation Aide Memoire for Parliamentarians
ParlAmericas

Resource

Internal Displacement

Guidelines for the Formulation of Public Policies on Internal Displacement
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Resource

Parliamentary Research

Navigating Online Information: Tips and Tricks for Parliamentary Research
ParlAmericas with the OAS Secretariat for Strengthening Democracy

Resource

Violence Against Women

Discriminatory Civil and Family Law in Latin America: An Analysis of Civil and Family Legislation Concerning the Obligation to Prevent, Address, Punish, and Remedy Violence Against Women Due to Gender-Based Reasons.
Inter-American Commission for Women, UN Women and UN Spotlight Initiative

Resource (Spanish only)